The Punic Wars had many important impacts to the Roman society and politics

The Punic Wars had many important impacts to the Roman society and politics. By 164 BC, Rome had changed in major ways from what it was before the wars began. Some of the many changes included several peasants moving from small communities to big cities, work and food became scarce and hard to come by, and the senatorial part of politics became more influential and wealthier. The wealthy class of Roman citizens benefited tremendously during these changes. The Greek influence into the Roman culture allowed them even more luxurious lifestyles. This caused a new social climate, which began after the many years of fighting.
The victorious naval fight against the Carthaginians at the Aegate Islands during the first Punic War allowed Rome to gain full control of Sicily and Corsica. The beginning of the Roman Empire’s expansion occurred at the end of the First Punic War. This expansion took the Roman Empire’s land down beyond the Italian peninsula. Syracuse was given independence as an ally and as a result was not considered a part of the province of Sicily until the Second Punic War. This alliance greatly benefited the Romans. The Romans eventually turned the citizens of Sicily into subjects, which left them open to the frequent confiscation of their land. Many were charged and expensive tribute, primarily if it was known that they had given support to the Carthaginians in the First Punic War. The whole island, excluding Syracuse, was governed by a Roman praetor. Sicily was then considered a province, which was the term used to describe any territory conquered during war outside of the Italian mainland. Turning Sicily into a province granted the Romans access to a vast array of natural resources, minerals, and grains, which the Romans sold off for profits.
The Second Punic War brought on many different forms of pressure, which caused the Romans to make significant changes to their political system. The Senate gained prestige, wealth, and influence within the government. These changes occurred due to the major success of the Second Punic War and the fact that many senators obtained control of huge estates across the lands, which gave them the majority of the economic power.
Rome took control of every Carthaginian territory inside of Spain as a result of the Second Punic War. By gaining Spain and the Iberian Peninsula, Rome flourished greatly being known for the thriving export trade products and rich resource base. Spain allowed the Romans to acquire huge quantities of silver, copper, iron, fish, and agricultured products. The Roman economy thrived from the increased profits.
Rome constructed itself as the Mediterranean’s most powerful nation following the Second Punic War. Carthage was turned into a client state of Rome and the navy was knocked down to ten ships and forbidden from forming any armies without the Roman government’s permission. Surrounding rivals took advantage of these new changes and because Carthage tried to form an army to defend itself due to these rival attacks, Rome demolished them in the Third Punic War. Despite the war continuing, Rome was able to come back from an economic hit of unfavorable conditions in Spain and Italy. These conditions caused the loss of many farmers and unveiled the possibility of a grain famine. Rome was able to find grain in Egypt for triple the price, therefore Rome continued to dominate the Mediterranean.
One other significant change in the Roman Empire as a result of the Punic Wars was the increased use of slaves. Before the Second Punic War, slaves were used on a decently small scale. By the end of the Second War however, slaves were being brought into Rome in unbelievable proportions. Slaves being brought in were either captured and imprisoned during the war or purchased overseas by the newly established wealthy class of Romans. These people turned the slave trade into a profitable business while employing slaves personally as well.
Rome conquered many lands and prospered greatly during the Punic Wars. The Romans were smart in the ways they negotiated peace treaties, alliances, and obtaining provinces. The Punic Wars changed Rome’s entire Empire and its innerworkings, making it a very successful and vast Empire.