Physical injury, neglect, emotional abuse, sexual abuse or verbal abuse and neglect are forms of maltreatment of a child or a young adult up to the age of 18. Someone may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm or by failing to prevent it. According to Children’s Social Care Statistics, approximately one in five children in the UK has experienced some type of physical or sexual abuse, or physical or emotional neglect during their lifetime. Children may be abused online, within the family environment, or in an educational setting. They may be abused by the people they know or by a stranger, by one or more adults but also by another child or a group of children.
Child abuse can have major long-term effects on all aspects of children’s health. The main forms of abuse are:
1. Physical Abuse: it occurs when someone is deliberately causing physical harm to a child or a young adult. This might involve punching, kicking, biting, burning, scalding, shaking, throwing or beating with objects such as whips, sticks or belts. Physical abuse also includes poisoning, giving a child alcohol or illegal substances, drowning or suffocation. Physical harm could be also caused when a parent or a primary carer fabricates the symptoms of an illness in a child.