Case Study on Death and Dying Name Institution Instructor Course Date Case Study on Death and Dying Abstract Chronic illnesses can be devastating to most patients as these diseases have no cure and most them have serious symptoms and side effects which may cause severe pain or reduced body functioning which becomes a challenge for most patients as they would have to rely on other individuals for their normal daily functioning

Case Study on Death and Dying
Name
Institution
Instructor
Course
Date
Case Study on Death and Dying
Abstract
Chronic illnesses can be devastating to most patients as these diseases have no cure and most them have serious symptoms and side effects which may cause severe pain or reduced body functioning which becomes a challenge for most patients as they would have to rely on other individuals for their normal daily functioning (Meilaender, 2013). Some of the illnesses also include extreme unfortunate circumstances like a limited time to live, which is quite stressing to anyone and can be discouraging to patients decreasing their motivation to heal since healing involves a process of physical, psychological, and mental healing (Meilaender, 2013). Due to this, research has continued to provide different approaches and strategies to give care to patients with chronic and acute illnesses (Meilaender, 2013). During this time, patients can feel hopeless and discouraged for the future due to the devastating circumstances, which can lead them to make decisions of voluntary euthanasia, which is a slow, painless, and a merciful death (Meilaender, 2013). Research has indicated a major role in religion and spirituality in patients when making decisions related to the voluntary euthanasia (Meilaender, 2013). This paper will analyze two religions across the globe, which is Christianity and Buddhism, which may affect such a decision.

Case Study on Death and Dying
Introduction
In the case study: End of life decisions (2018), George who lives in Oregon is a successful attorney and a legal scholar in his mid fifties suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disease which is a disease affecting the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. George and his family are devastated due to the disease since the disease has no cure and medications will only slow down the spreading of the disease but eventually, the disease will have a full impact on George’s health where he would have to rely on other family members for normal functioning. This circumstance has resulted in Gorge having thoughts about having a painless death to avoid the suffering from the disease.
Brief Overview of Each Religion
Christianity
What is prime reality?
God is the prime reality. God is our creator, our purpose for living, and our foundation in everything that we do on this earth (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). Every decision that Christians make is based on God. In Christianity, we believe that God is the giver and taker of life and is responsible for everything on this earth since he made the earth and everything in it (Genesis 1, King James Version). God is all-powerful and is able to do anything on this earth. God is faithful and merciful and helps individuals in times of desperation like in the case of George. He is able to heal George from his situation and since God is the giver and taker of life, the decision to end life entirely depends on God since we are accountable to him (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013).
What is the nature of the world around us?
God created the universe with a purpose and everything in it (Genesis 1). Since God is all-powerful, he made a perfect universe, which operates perfectly to sustain life and everything in it. Most things on the universe interrelate and are connected to each other to function correctly (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). God created the universe in an orderly manner with human beings being created last after everything required for their survival was created. This shows that God is a God of order and purpose. The universe does not need any modification as God created it perfectly (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). God gave man dominion over everything that he had created and gave him control to use it for his benefit (Genesis 1:29-31).

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

What is a human being?
A human being is a creature made in the likeness of God to have dominion in all that God has created (Genesis 1:26). Human beings are created in the image of God and since God is a perfect supreme being, human beings too are perfect in their creation and the human body is made of different body parts and organs that function perfectly in collaboration with other body organs to create a perfect being (Shelly ; Miller, 2006). Human kind has power over all the creation of God, which include the fishes of the sea, birds of the air, and over every creeping thing on the earth (Genesis 3).

What happens to a person at death?
Death is a transition process individuals undergo after God has taken back the life that he has given them. Death came because of sin committed by the first human being created by God (Genesis 3). During death, the spirit and soul of an individual goes back to God and the body is buried here on earth where it will connect with the soul and spirit on the Day of Judgment. The spirit does not die but crosses over to the spiritual world waiting the final day where individuals will be judged according to their actions while alive on the universe and their relationship with God (Revelation 12:4-5).

Why is it possible to know anything at all?
God created the human beings and gave them a mind to understand things on the universe that he had created. This can be illustrated when individuals observe and learn different things physically or in education (Shelly ; Miller, 2006). Christians believe that God is a supreme being who is able to do things, which cannot be explained by the human mind. God gave us his word, which is written in the Bible to help us in understanding some of the complex things on the universe and be able to understand things to be able to rule the universe (Shelly ; Miller, 2006).

How do we know what is right and wrong?
God is a God of principles and individuals associated with him must live in a certain way, which is taught in the Bible (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). The Bible is a manual for Christians on how they are supposed to live on the earth. Knowing what is right and wrong can be because of influence from close allies, which include parents and other close members of the Christian faith (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). Jesus Christ promised to send us the Holy Spirit to help Christians in their Christian works and the Holy Spirit helps Christians in determining what is right and wrong (Mathew 28:16-20).

What is the meaning of human history?
Our human history is based on the Bible through the creation story, how man fell from the Garden of Eden, and how God has a plan to redeem man to his rightful place (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). God created the human kind with a plan and a purpose, which was destroyed at the Garden of Eden when man committed the first sin. This displeased God and punished the man by driving him out of the Garden of Eden and cursing the ground that man had to toil to be able to have something to eat (Genesis 3). God then made a plan to restore the human kind to his original purpose through his son Jesus Christ who came and died on the cross for man to be saved (John 3:16). This history of Adam is still influencing how we are living and our future lives but through Jesus Christ, Christians are able to find new meaning and purpose in this life (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013).
Buddhism
What is prime reality?
The prime reality is everything is a god (Gerner, 2009). This means that everything has power, energy, and consciousness. Buddhism have a belief that the world has no meaning and purpose and their main call is to go to Nirvana, which is a place of perfect peace and happiness where shall be no suffering and this place can be compared to heaven for Christians (Gerner, 2009). Buddhists do not believe in a supreme God rather believe that individuals are the same with their god through meditation (Gerner, 2009). They also believe that the world was not created rather came to exist on its own. In Buddhism, suffering is brought about by the human desires and can be brought to an end by individuals denying themselves worldly pleasures (Gerner, 2009).
What is the nature of the world around us?
Buddhists believe in continuous rebirths until they reach Nirvana (Lillie, 2013). Buddhist teachings state that our senses are wrong in communicating information and perceptions to us. Everything on this earth is a constituent of a larger thing and human perceptions on good and evil are not correct (Lillie, 2013). Due to the continuous rebirths of Buddhism, the nature of the world has a less impact since Buddhists believe that they are passing by onto another level. They believe everything that came into existence shall end and the fullness of health is depended on how much one gives to the world (Lillie, 2013).

What is a human being?
Buddhists believe that a human being is a creature created by the Buddha god and the Buddha God has a plan for everyone and all individuals must pray for his guidance, which will guarantee their happiness while on the earth (Keown, 2013). Life and death belongs to the Buddha god and a decision to kill either someone else or oneself is a bad decision, which will be met with consequences. The purpose of the human kind is to work to avoid suffering on this earth (Keown, 2013).

What happens to a person at death?
Buddhism believes in life after death just like Christians. The destination after one has died is determined by how they lived while still alive and someone of a higher power will decide on where one goes after their death (Gerner, 2009). Buddhists believe that the wages of sin is hell, which will be a dark place full of evil, and the reward for good deeds will be a pathway to Nirvana where they live happily ever after. If an individual does not go to either of the places, Buddhists believe that the individuals will have new life on this earth to live all over again (Gerner, 2009).

Why is it possible to know anything at all?
Buddhism believes in following a certain enlightment guide, which is able to lead someone to Nirvana (Conze, 2014). This guide talks about having the right knowledge and mental development. Having the right knowledge involves being able to see and understand things for what they really are and knowledge is a mere illusion because things are not as they seem to be (Conze, 2014). Mental development involves having a right mind in analyzing one’s feelings and the right concentration of thought, which will result to accurate thoughts and action (Conze, 2014).

How do we know what is right and wrong?
In Buddhism, there is no right or wrong and these choices are illusions created by individuals. What is right in certain individuals may be wrong for others and so there is no ultimate right and wrong (Conze, 2014). The cosmos operates in a perfect way and whoever opposes the cosmos creates a bad karma on his life, which takes them farther away from Nirvana and whoever lives according to the cosmos, creates a good karma, which takes them closer to Nirvana, which is the main goal of Buddhists (Conze, 2014).
What is the meaning of human history?
In Buddhism, the most important aspects in the world are just but illusions including the aspect of time (Keown, 2013). Buddhists believe that the cosmos exists eternally where most things and occurrences live a continuous circle of death and rebirth and this process continues with no specific purpose even after one has reached Nirvana. This believe states that life is a continuous cycle without meaning (Keown, 2013).

Christianity
How this religion interprets the nature of George’s malady and suffering
Christianity values the meaning of life and everything that happens to Christians is because God allowed it to happen (2 Corinthians 4:3). George should be courageous and have faith on God that he is able to heal him and if it is the will of God for George to die, then it’s God’s decision and cannot be questioned since he is an ultimate being in control of every happening. Suffering is part of any Christian’s life but although they suffer, they shall overcome (2 Corinthians 1:3-4).

This religions view of the value of the life of George
It is normal for Christians to suffer and it is not because of their sins (2 Corinthians 1:3-4). God has promised to be with us during times of despair if only we learn how to trust in him. In the Bible, God has shown his power to do more than heal the sick and even if George dies, he will join God thereafter if he repents his sins and makes a good relationship with God before he dies (Meilaender, 2013).

How would this religion treat the idea of George opting for euthanasia?
God is the ultimate giver and taker of life and George should not determine whether he lives or dies, as God is responsible for George’s life and just the way that God gave George his life, he will be the one to determine when to take it. If George makes a decision for euthanasia, he will have sinned against God and will face consequences at the Day of Judgment (Revelation 8:4).

How would this religion morally justify the decision that George makes?
As Christians, George can trust and have faith in God for he his powerful to do anything and has proven this with his word in the Bible (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). Most Christians continue testifying of his greatness and power and George too can remain hopeful awaiting God to do a miracle in his life. The Bible has commandments warning about taking life because it is against God’s intentions for people to decide when to die regardless of the situations (Paloutzian & Park, 2013).

Buddhism
How this religion interprets the nature of George’s malady and suffering
George’s malady and suffering is because of George’s desires (Keown, 2013). Suffering is not a good thing and for George to receive healing he should give up his desires, which will create a good karma to bring him closer to Nirvana. Being farer from Nirvana will bring bad karma, which include diseases and difficult situations in life (Keown, 2013).
This religions view of the value of the life of George
In Buddhism, the reality of life is a cycle where death occurs and then a rebirth follows (Lillie, 2013). Buddhism does not seek to help individuals in suffering rather its individuals who should work on their desires to be able to overcome the suffering. The main purpose of life is to end suffering and so George has not worked accurately for his life (Lillie, 2013).

How would this religion treat the idea of George opting for euthanasia?
In Buddhism, the decision to take one’s own life is not supported and they believe that it brings bad karma (Gerner, 2009). Buddhists believe in life after death in a rebirth called Samsara (Gerner, 2009). If George undergoes euthanasia, trouble will still follow him in the afterlife since coming to Nirvana involves working for one’s life while still alive (Gerner, 2009).

How would this religion morally justify the decision that George makes?
George still has a chance of redeeming himself by minimizing his desires, which have led to the serious situation (Conze, 2014). George has still the time to make things right instead of making an irreversible decision, which will increase his suffering in the afterlife. The information that his condition is going to worsen may not be the ultimate truth and may be an illusion by the healthcare professional and so George can still recover from the situation (Conze, 2014).

My Own Personal View
On my own personal view, both religions do not support euthanasia and George should be helped until death takes its toll on him. George can be helped through spiritual support, as it is the only help remaining for him and encouraged on how to live positively and maximize the time he has left to live (Meilaender, 2013). As a Christian, God can turn this situation into a miracle if George only believes and has faith. George should not give up hope as this situation can be reversed.

Conclusion
Life is precious as is evident in both religions and the decision on whether to live or die lies on a higher being where for Christians its God who has the power of life and death and the Buddha for the Buddhists (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). Both religions have displayed a hope of getting better, where Christians believe in miracles from God and Buddhism believes in giving up personal desires for one to be healed. Based on this information, spiritual care is important especially for patients suffering from chronic diseases and should be integrated in the treatment process (Meilaender, 2013). Spiritual care impacts an individual’s emotional and mental health which are important in the overall healing process or in times of peaceful death. Healthcare practitioners should have knowledge on different types of religions in their place of work to be able to provide spiritual care to their patients and avoid discrimination to patients from different religious backgrounds (Meilaender, 2013).

References
Conze, E. (2014). Buddhism, its essence and development. New Delhi, India: Cosmo Publications.

Gerner, K. (2009). Buddhism. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.

Keown, D. (2013). Buddhism: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Life application study Bible: New King James Version. (2013). Carol Stream, Ill: Tyndale House Publishers.

Lillie, A. (2013). Buddha and Early Buddhism. South Carolina. BiblioLife.

Meilaender, G. (2013). Bioethics: A primer for Christians. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Paloutzian, R. F., & Park, C. L. (2013). Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality. New York: Guilford Press.

Shelly, J. A., & Miller, A. B. (2006). Called to care: A Christian worldview for nursing. Downers Grove, Ill: IVP Academic/Intervarsity Press.

x

Hi!
I'm Kari!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out