College Success Seminar STSC 155
Career Development Project
I would like to become a Special Education teacher. The education required to become a special education teacher is a bachelor’s degree. You must do a student-teacher program with a mentor to get experience in a classroom setting too. To become fully certified you have to get your master’s degree. Some demands of the job are:
Evaluate students’ skills to determine their needs
Make general lessons to meet the needs of students
Develop Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for each student
Plan, organize, and assign activities that are specific to each student’s abilities
Teach and mentor students as a class, in small groups, and one-on-one if needed
Implement IEPs, evaluate students’ performance, and watch their progress
Update IEPs throughout the school year to evaluate students’ progress and goals
Talk about students’ progress with parents, other teachers, counselors, and administrators
Guide and mentor teacher assistants who work with students with disabilities
Prepare and assisst students transition from grade to grade and for life after graduation
Teach multiple subjects,such as reading,writing,and math to students with mild and moderate disabilities
They also teach basic skills, such as literacy and communication, to students with severe disabilities.
This job has benefits like vacation, time, a lot of holidays off, possible snow days, and a day’s paid off when you aren’t working sometimes. Some other benefits from this job are a pension and retirement pay. The salary of a Special Education teacher is on average 58,980 as of May 2017. The lowest wage was 38,660 and highest wage 95,320. Teachers who are experienced may become mentors for teachers with less teaching experience to help improve their skills. They also may have the chance to advance to school counselors,instruction coordinators, or for elementary,middle, and high school principals. Special education teachers help students with disabilities develop basic life skills, like how to respond to questions and how to follow directions. Some teach the skills for students with moderate disabilities to live independently, find a job, and manage money and also their time. Special education teachers have to be comfortable with using and learning new technology. Most use computers to keep records of their students’ performance, prepare lesson plans, and update IEPs. Some teachers also use various assistive technology aids, such as Braille writers and computer software which helps them communicate with their students. It is projected that the growth of Special education will grow 8 percent (33,300) between 2016 and 2026 adding up to 472,600 being employed. Enrollment in special education programs has increased slightly in the past couple of years. Demand for special education services and teachers will keep rising as children with disabilities are increasing being identified earlier and enrolled into special education programs. However, employment growth may depend on increases in funding. Occupations related to Special education are Instructional Coordinators,Occupational Therapist, and Social Workers. Instructional Coordinators supervise school curriculums and teaching standards. They develop instructional material, coordinate its implementation with teachers and principals, and evaluate its effectiveness.Social workers help people find a solution and cope with problems in their lives. Clinical social workers diagnose and treat mental, behavioral, and emotional issues. Occupational therapists treat injured, ill, or disabled patients through the therapeutic use of everyday activities. They help these patients develop, recover, improve, as well as maintain the skills needed for daily living and working. Most special education teachers belonged to a union in 2016. A few work with students in residential facilities, hospitals, and the students’ homes. They may have travel to these locations. Some teachers work with infants and toddlers at the student’s home. They also teach the student’s parents methods and ways to help the child develop skills. Special education teachers typically work during their school hours. They also use that time to grade papers, update students’ records, and prepare lessons for the class They may meet with parents, students, and other teachers before and after classes sometimes.
Many work the traditional 10 month school year and have a 2-month break during the summer. There is a also a short midwinter break. Some teachers may work summer programs during the 2 month break for more money.
Teachers in districts with a year round schedule typically work 9 weeks in a row and then are on break for 3 weeks. The job itself is normally in a classroom,students home, or some place else that they are able to concentrate without distractions. The special education teacher will need to know strategies for calming down the child if they get frustrated and keep motivating them. They should also expect possible hostility from the students which may happen sometimes and the procedures to handle it. The global market would have no impact on my career. There are children born with disabilities everyday and the industry needs more and more special education teachers by the day the only thing that could effect it is a big fund loss. The worldwide view for special education is pretty much the same procedures in most places:
Guarantees free and appropriate education for all students with disabilities
There are 13 recognized disabilities under the IDEA act: autism, developmental delay, visual impairment, hearing impairment, emotional disturbance, traumatic brain injury, language and speech disorders, deaf-blindness, multiple disabilities, physically disabled, mental retardation, other health impaired and specific learning disability
There are some issues with the school and Special Education and school system globally
Misidentification, over-identification, and under identification are problems in providing the necessary support
Not all teachers are academically prepared for teaching students with disabilities in the inclusion setting.
It is estimated that more and more special education teachers will be needed globally.
Technology for special education is improving with websites being used for education, tactile,cognitive,tactile, and intelltual activities for them to engage in, and new programs for helping them organize and also store important resources. Shared resources for example would be google classroom, google docs, turnitin.com and other websites and other resources. The reason I’m interested in this career is because I feel everyone has the right to an education so they can get through life having the tools and knowledge they need. I chose teaching in special education because I have grown up with children that had disabilities who had trouble learning and I’ve volunteered to teach them before which I found out I enjoyed and was also good at.
I interviewed Arlene Wacha on October 15th at 11pm. Mrs.Wacha specializes in business,technology, helping students with job internships, and teaches in 3 different schools throughout the week to which some of the classes she teaches are special education. She told me how she teaches her class in an organized fashion so they know what’s expected. She’ll write on the board what will be done throughout the class, has three different teaching procedures:tactile,cognitive,and intellectual. Tactile is something to be connected through touch, for blind people they perceive things by touch so she will pass out blocks or food for Math which can be affiliated with a math problem she is doing. Cognitive means the mental process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experiences, and senses. Cognitive wise she will use Kahoot.it to study with them and flash cards that they remember the material learned. Intellectual wise she will put critical thinking questions on the board to stimulate them to really think about what the answer is. She said she has to make (IEP) plans for them and approach every student differently in her teaching methods. She has sometimes had to teach after class or give certain students different assignments designed for them that would benefit them most. She also has had activities according to her lessons like for Math passing out food and counting it or labs for Science that way it is also fun to learn. She also said that there was a student being hostile and that she had to restraint them. There is a technique where you hold the student almost like you are hugging them from behind and they can’t get out of it which they eventually calm down. It’s so they aren’t a danger to themselves and others. She closed the interview saying another big part of the job is the disabilities you need to be ready for anything, don’t think if you have done it for 50 years you know everything because you don’t. There are students with disabilities,behaviors, and personalities that you’ve never experienced before and you need to be able to understand them and teach them.